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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

Conducts and supports laboratory, clinical and epidemiological research on the reproductive, neurobiologic, developmental, and behavioral processes that determine and maintain the health of children, adults, families and populations.

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URL: http://www.nichd.nih.gov/

Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

IDDs are a primary focus of NICHD’s research support. IDDs include disabilities and disorders that affect the nervous system, metabolism, and cell function and survival. NICHD supports and conducts research to understand the causes and effects of IDDs and to help identify effective therapies for these disorders.

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

Health care providers recommend that certain pregnant women, including those who are older than 35 years of age and those with a family history of certain conditions, get additional prenatal tests to screen for birth defects. Prenatal detection allows doctors to start treatment as early as possible for some birth defects.

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

Your health care provider will check the levels of androgens, cholesterol, and sugar in your blood. Do a pelvic exam or ultrasound to check your ovaries. During the pelvic exam, your health care provider will insert two fingers into your vagina and …

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What can I do to promote a healthy pregnancy

Your health care provider may screen you for iron-deficiency anemia and, if you have it, may recommend iron supplements. 25 Your health care provider may also recommend a vitamin B12 supplement if you are a vegan. 26,27 (Vegetarians normally get …

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

Pre-Pregnancy Care and Prenatal Care. Pre-Pregnancy care is the health care a woman gets before she becomes pregnant. Prenatal care is the health care a woman gets during pregnancy.Early and regular prenatal visits with a health care provider are important for the health of both the mother and the fetus.

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What causes bacterial vaginosis (BV)

A change in the balance of bacteria that normally live in the vagina causes BV. Usually, “good” bacteria (lactobacilli) outnumber “bad” bacteria (anaerobes) in your vagina. But if anaerobic bacteria become too numerous, they upset the natural balance of microorganisms in the vagina and lactobacilli decrease.

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NIH / National Advisory Child Health and Human …

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES . NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH . NATIONAL ADVISORY CHILD HEALTH AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL . ROSTER (ALL TERMS END 11/30) CHAIRPERSON BIANCHI, Diana W., M.D. Director . Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of . Child Health and Human Development . National Institutes of Health . Bethesda, …

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NIH Consensus Development Conference on Rehabilitation of

Agency for Health Care Policy and Research Evidence-Based Practice Report. Randall M. Chesnut, M.D., Nancy Carney, Ph.D., Hugo Maynard, Ph.D., Patricia Patterson, Ph.D., N. Clay Mann, Ph.D., and Mark Helfand, M.D. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the number one cause of morbidity and mortality in adults younger than 45 years of age. For persons

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CURRICULUM VITAE

1983-1985 Visiting fellow, Cell Biology and Metabolism Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and National Institute of Arthritis, Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD. Advisor: Dr. Richard D. Klausner.

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

The symptoms of one person with autism can be very different from the symptoms of another person with autism. Health care providers think of autism as a spectrum disorder—which means that there is a range of similar features in different people with the disorder. 1 One person with autism may have mild symptoms, while another may have more serious symptoms, but they both have …

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Research Highlights from the Division of Intramural

Monitoring Placental Health During Pregnancy The placenta plays critical roles in fetal development, pregnancy outcomes, and lifelong health. A non-invasive, easy-to-use method to monitor the oxygen level of the placenta during pregnancy would be a …

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

The Add Health study is the largest, most comprehensive survey of adolescents ever undertaken. Initially, the goals of the study focused only on adolescents. Researchers designed the study to determine how families, friends, peer groups, schools, neighborhoods, communities, and individual characteristics influence health, health behaviors, and

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

Mental health professionals can help the child understand these feelings, learn ways to cope with them, and learn how to build healthy relationships. 3 Tips for Managing a Learning Disability in Adulthood. Support from schools can improve elementary and secondary students’ math, reading, and other language skills. But how can people with

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Puberty and Precocious Puberty NICHD

The onset of puberty, the time in life when a person becomes sexually mature, typically occurs between ages 8 and 13 for girls and ages 9 and 14 for boys. Precocious puberty is puberty that begins abnormally early, and delayed puberty is puberty that begins abnormally late.

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

The health care provider may recommend the following: Use of special nipples or tubes for feeding difficulties. Difficulty in sucking is one of the most common symptoms of newborns with Prader-Willi syndrome. Special nipples or tubes are used for several months to feed newborns and infants who are unable to suck properly, to make sure that the

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Nutritional Therapy for Autism NICHD

Working with a health care provider can help ensure that children who are on special diets still get the bone-building and other nutrients they need. Digestive Problems in ASD. Some people with autism also have digestive problems, such as constipation, abdominal (belly) pain, or vomiting.

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More Information on Menopause NICHD

Spotlight: Boosting women’s health by supporting menstruation research Release: Pregnancy, breastfeeding may lower risk of early menopause, NIH-funded study suggests Item of Interest: Focus on FMR1: NIH Invites Comments on its Research Plan …

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

The Institute also supports efforts to meet the public health goals outlined by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Healthy People 2020 initiative, such as increasing the number of infants who are breastfed, through various awareness and outreach efforts.

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More Information on Intellectual and Developmental

US Department of Health and Human Services National Institutes of Health Directory Follow follow us on Facebook follow us on Twitter follow us on LinkedIn follow us on YouTube follow us on Flickr follow us on Instagram Email NICHD. Español NICHD Theme Browse AZTopics. Browse A-Z

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How does inadequate sleep affect health

How does inadequate sleep affect health? En Español. Inadequate sleep—such as not sleeping long enough overall or having poor quality sleep—affects both how we feel and how we function. Short-term effects can include drowsiness or sleepiness, irritability, reduced alertness, poor motor skills, and attention problems.

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National Institutes of Health (NIH) Research Plan on

and health inequities for individuals with disabilities. Even though there is a specific research objective on health disparities in this plan, the other research objectives are only achievable with inclusion and diversity. The NIH rehabilitation research community actively participates in the broader efforts of NIH to address health

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

Existing health conditions, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, or being HIV-positive 1; Overweight and obesity. Obesity increases the risk for high blood pressure, preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, stillbirth, neural tube defects, and cesarean delivery.

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About Infant Care and Infant Health NICHD

Infancy is the period from birth until age 2 years. It is a time of rapid growth and change for children and families. Learn about the many issues related to infant health and care.

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About Menopause NICHD

Spotlight: Boosting women’s health by supporting menstruation research Release: Pregnancy, breastfeeding may lower risk of early menopause, NIH-funded study suggests Item of Interest: Focus on FMR1: NIH Invites Comments on its Research Plan …

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

The Division of Intramural Population Health Research (DIPHR) is interested in statistical methodology, comparative etiologies, and the health endpoints needed to identify mechanisms, at-risk groups, and interventions. Some of these activities include:

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Media Advisory: Repurposed ALS drug shows promise in mouse

About the National Institutes of Health (NIH): NIH, the nation's medical research agency, includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIH is the primary federal agency conducting and supporting basic, clinical, and translational medical research, and is investigating the causes

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

Therapies can help people with TBI recover functions, relearn skills, and find new ways to do things that take their new health status into account. Rehabilitation can include several different kinds of therapy for physical, emotional, and cognitive difficulties and for a variety of activities, such as daily self-care, driving, and interacting

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Reflecting on Our Commitment to Nutrition Research NICHD

As we usher in November, most of us are looking forward to the Thanksgiving holiday at the end of the month. It’s a special time to celebrate family and community by sharing a meal. It’s also a fitting time to reflect on NICHD’s commitment to research on nutrition. Understanding and defining

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

Gum disease (periodontal disease), a more serious health issue, may develop for a number of reasons, including poor oral hygiene. Health care providers recommend visiting the dentist within 6 months of the appearance of the child's first tooth or by the time the child is 1 year old. 8; Epilepsy. Children with Down syndrome are more likely to

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About Preeclampsia and Eclampsia NICHD

Preeclampsia and eclampsia are part of the spectrum of high blood pressure, or hypertensive, disorders that can occur during pregnancy. At the mild end of the spectrum is gestational hypertension, which occurs when a woman who previously had normal blood pressure develops high blood pressure when she is more than 20 weeks pregnant and her blood pressure returns to normal …

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Find a Study on Infant Mortality NICHD

NICHD conducts and supports a variety of clinical research related to infant mortality. ClinicalTrials.gov Search Results. Select one of the following links to view ClinicalTrials.gov search results for studies on infant mortality.

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How is HIV transmitted

US Department of Health and Human Services National Institutes of Health Directory Follow follow us on Facebook follow us on Twitter follow us on LinkedIn follow us on YouTube follow us on Flickr follow us on Instagram Email NICHD. Español NICHD Theme Browse AZTopics. Browse A-Z

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

Hospitals and health clinics may offer support groups for women and families affected by fibroids. Your health care provider may be able to refer you to a support group. You may also find it helpful to work with a “professional listener,” such as a social worker, a psychologist, a psychiatrist, or another mental health professional.

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What are examples and causes of maternal morbidity and

Maternal health problems related to pregnancy and giving birth can occur during pregnancy, during delivery, and after a pregnancy ends. Some common examples of maternal morbidity include the following 2: Cardiovascular problems, such as heart disease and blood vessel problems;

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About Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (IDDs

IDDs are disorders that are usually present at birth and that uniquely affect the trajectory of the individual’s physical, intellectual, and/or emotional development.

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Menstrual Cycles as a Fifth Vital Sign NICHD

The menstrual cycle—a complex process orchestrated by interactions between many of the body’s tissues, cells, and hormones—reflects a person’s overall health status and can be thought of as a “fifth vital sign,” along with blood pressure, body temperature, heart rate, and respiratory rate. Menstrual irregularities can indicate hormonal imbalances, gynecological diseases, or infections.

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Media Advisory: Extreme eating problems in early childhood

About the National Institutes of Health (NIH): NIH, the nation's medical research agency, includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIH is the primary federal agency conducting and supporting basic, clinical, and translational medical research, and is investigating the causes

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

A health care provider may also conduct a vision test to determine whether the growth of a pituitary tumor has affected sight or peripheral vision. If results of this test lead the health care provider to suspect a pituitary tumor, he or she will order one or more tests of the patient's endocrine function.

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Stillbirth: NICHD Research Information NICHD

Ensuring that babies are born healthy has always been an important part of the NICHD mission. NICHD-supported research on stillbirth aims to understand the risk factors for stillbirth, the causes of stillbirth, and methods to lower the risk of stillbirth or prevent it from occurring. Research includes demography and epidemiology, studies of genetics and molecular pathways, clinical research

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

The infant mortality rate—that is, the number of infant deaths out of every 1,000 live births—is an important factor in understanding a population’s overall health because many factors that contribute to infant deaths also affect the health of everyone in a population. 1 For example, access to medicine, trained healthcare providers, clean

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Media Advisory: Antibody treatment for MIS-C works by

About the National Institutes of Health (NIH): NIH, the nation's medical research agency, includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIH is the primary federal agency conducting and supporting basic, clinical, and translational medical research, and is investigating the causes

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Media Advisory: High dose of concentrated therapy produces

About the National Institutes of Health (NIH): NIH, the nation's medical research agency, includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIH is the primary federal agency conducting and supporting basic, clinical, and translational medical research, and is investigating the causes

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Elagolix – The First FDA-Approved Treatment for

Endometriosis is a gynecological condition that can cause severe, debilitating pain and impair a woman’s quality of life. It can also lead to infertility. The disease often goes undiagnosed for years, as shared by patient advocates, including celebrity Padma Lakshmi. Endometriosis occurs when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows in other places in the body.

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Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Resources NICHD

Health.mil This collaboratively funded website offers information specific to members of the military, including information on TBI. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine In 2008, the National Academies issued the Long-Term Consequences of Traumatic Brain Injury as part of its Gulf War and Health series. The report assesses

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

Maternal Morbidity and Mortality. Learn how NIH is accelerating research to prevent maternal morbidity and mortality.. Maternal morbidity describes any short- or long-term health problems that result from being pregnant and giving birth.Maternal mortality refers to the death of a woman from complications of pregnancy or childbirth that occur during the pregnancy or within 6 weeks after the

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