Learning health systems: A review of key topic areas and
1 INTRODUCTION. Contemporary health systems are not fit for purpose. Even in the most developed countries less than two-thirds of healthcare delivered is in line with evidence-based guidelines (60%); one third of care is some form of waste (30%) and one tenth (10%) of it is associated with an adverse event. 1 These numbers have persisted for decades despite substantial efforts and …
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Universal health coverage and primary health care: Their
Two chronic health conditions, diabetes and multiple sclerosis, are examples of conditions that lead to costly and debilitating consequences for patients but also lead to substantial economic costs in terms of lost workforce participation and lost productivity. These cases demonstrate the socio-political issues involved in the management of
Health Economics encourages authors to share the data and other artefacts supporting the results in the paper by archiving it in an appropriate public repository. Authors should include a data accessibility statement, including a link to the repository they have used, in order that this statement can be published alongside their paper.
Health & Social Care in the Community
Health and Social Care in the Community is an international peer-reviewed journal with a multidisciplinary audience including social workers, health care professionals with a community or public health focus e.g. public health practitioners, GP’s, Community Nurses and Social Care researchers and educators.
Nursing & Health Sciences
Nursing & Health Sciences (NHS) is a leading international journal focused on the global exchange of knowledge in nursing and health science, as well as advancing research and practice across health disciplines. The journal provides a forum for articles reporting on original research, systematic and scholarly reviews focused on health science
Tropical Medicine & International Health
Tropical Medicine & International Health will consider for review articles previously available as preprints. Authors may also post the submitted version of a manuscript to a preprint server at any time. Authors are requested to update any pre-publication versions with a link to the final published article.
Children’s Daily Lives and Well‐being: Findings from the
Average mental health subscale scores from KINDL-R questionnaire on quality of life were lower than the national average for all grades. Nearly half of parents/guardians refrained from seeking medical care for the child’s symptoms. Conclusions.
Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Healthcare Use, Delayed
Center for Mental Health and Aging, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama. Department of Psychology, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama. Address correspondence to Giyeon Kim, Center for Mental Health and Aging and Department of Psychology, University of Alabama, Box 870315, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487. E‐mail: [email protected]
Human papillomavirus infections
The first step in improving the public's health is clearly stating truths about HPV infection. Undoubtedly, the article by Anhang and colleagues has heightened our awareness of the miscommunication and misinformation that text and oral media may be conveying to our citizenry. However, it is likely that effective educational messages will
Comment: Housing Policy and Health
Corresponding Author. University of California, Berkeley *Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Ralph Catalano, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 [e-mail: [email protected]]. Search for more papers by this author
Balancing health and financial protection in health
National Health Accounts data complemented by the 2018 Noncommunicable Diseases and Injuries Commission Report informed the assumed percent of an intervention's unit cost that would be paid OOP by households at baseline (Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ministry of Health, 2014, 2018); when unavailable for a specific disease category
Using rich data to inform student mental health practice
Improving student mental health outcomes requires adopting new methods that derive diverse forms of rich data born from clinical practice, respond to students' unique needs and speak to national political agendas. Common approaches to researching student mental health focus on data from clinical or non-clinical samples, attend to mental health
Comprehensive measurement of health system performance at
In addition, 1700 health care providers and 800 clients visiting health facilities were interviewed. Routine health management information system data at district and state level were also analyzed. These data were used for computing 67 input and process indicators covering six health system building blocks.
Sociology of Health & Illness
Sociology of Health & Illness is an international journal which publishes sociological articles on all aspects of health, illness and medicine. The journal invites original contributions which address any of these aspects. Submissions without clear empirical or theoretical relevance to the field of sociology cannot be considered.
Stress and Health
Stress and Health strongly encourages that data sharing supporting the results in the paper will be archived in an appropriate public repository prior to publication of any accepted manuscript. Data should be in the form of spreadsheets or text files in commonly-used formats (e.g., .txt, .csv) for easy access.
Characterizing the direct care health workforce in the
From 2010 to 2019, the number of direct care health workers in the United States per 10,000 individuals decreased slightly from 135.81 in 2010 to 133.78 in 2019. Personal care aides made up 42.1% of the direct care health workforce in 2019, followed by nursing assistants (39.5%) and home health aides (16.3%).
Journal of Occupational Health
The Journal of Occupational Health (JOH) is the official English language open access journal of the Japan Society for Occupational Health with the aim of publishing original contributions relevant to occupational health. The scope of the journal is broad, covering toxicology, ergonomics, psychosocial factors and other relevant health issues of workers, with special emphasis on the current
Journal of Occupational Health
The Journal of Occupational Health (JOH) is the official English language open access journal of the Japan Society for Occupational Health with the aim of publishing original contributions relevant to occupational health. The scope of the journal is broad, covering toxicology, ergonomics, psychosocial factors and other relevant health issues of
Climate change, women’s health, and the role of
Climate change is one of the major global health threats to the world's population. It is brought on by global warming due in large part to increasing levels of greenhouse gases resulting from human activity, including burning fossil fuels (carbon dioxide), animal husbandry (methane from manure), industry emissions (ozone, nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide), vehicle/factory exhaust, and
Nursing and Health Policy Perspectives
health and social policies to end disparities in health and cre-ate healthy places to live, work, and play’ (Mason 2016). Neither heard nor heeded Despite all the talk of leadership in nursing, the reality is dee-ply worrying. Nurses are the largest group in the global health
The Science of Health Disparities Research Wiley Online
Integrates the various disciplines of the science of health disparities in one comprehensive volume. The Science of Health Disparities Research is an indispensable source of up-to-date information on clinical and translational health disparities science.Building upon the advances in health disparities research over the past decade, this authoritative volume informs policies and …
Community water fluoridation and the integrity of
health outcomes, such as water ﬂuoridation . Misinformation regarding water ﬂuoridation is a serious public health concern, as some cities across the nation are calling for the discontinuation of this practice. Dental asso-ciations are a key resource for health professionals to receive information that can help them become advocates
From health behaviours to health practices: an
The concept of health behaviour has become ubiquitous in health-related research and intervention studies, as well as among policymakers. Developed from psychology, it is based on a number of key underlying assumptions that enable it to be integrated in an existing health …
Health literacy and COVID‐19
Health literacy is a social determinant of health, and whilst poor health literacy is associated with poor education, poverty, unemployment and low socioeconomic status, even those with higher levels of education and income can have low health literacy when they are experiencing something new. Most people understand how to self-manage common
Using the Health Belief Model to explain patient
Health-care organizations can help to increase patient self-efficacy through greater continuity of care, thereby increasing opportunities to feel comfortable asking questions and to receive positive feedback from health-care providers, as well as through targeted educational interventions aimed health-care providers that increase comfort levels
Models of health and disease
The different models were assumed to depict different, but related, ways of representing health and disease. It is probable that different groups in society, including the different groups in the health service - doctors, nurses and patients - look at health and illness from partly different models.
Data, information, knowledge: The emerging field of health
The environment surrounding health and biomedicine is evolving at a rapid pace. The medical model in which patients who have diseases are treated in episodic encounters with physicians is no longer the dominant one; rather, the term health implies an approach in which the goal is as much disease prevention as it is disease treatment. In the
Providing women’s health care during COVID‐19: Personal
Health workers providing health care to women and girls during the COVID-19 pandemic face a wide range of challenges in protecting themselves and their patients, while balancing their professional obligations to provide care within a rapidly changing work environment. Maternal, sexual, reproductive, women’s, and girls’ health must be
Pandemics and maternal health: the indirect effects of
Mental health concerns for women during the pandemic may be exacerbated by social stresses including loss of work (women are more likely than men to have lost their jobs during the pandemic), increased caring duties within homes and lack of …
The health belief model predicts vaccination intentions
The health belief model as a predictor of COVID-19 behavioral vaccination intention. According to the health belief model (HBM), people's specific beliefs, namely perceived severity and susceptibility of the disease and the perceived benefits and risks of the vaccine, relate to health behaviors (Carpenter, 2010; Harrison et al., 1992).
Poverty and Access to Health Care in Developing Countries
When health care is needed but is delayed or not obtained, people's health worsens, which in turn leads to lost income and higher health care costs, both of which contribute to poverty. 1, 2 Deprivations that lead to ill health are common in developing countries, and the poor in developing countries are particularly at risk. 3 The relationship
The impact of COVID‐19 on health behaviour, well‐being
Poor health behaviours and disengagement with, or lack of access to, health services are likely to contribute to subsequent downstream physical and mental health consequences, carrying significant wider social and economic implications. Action must now be taken to mitigate the impact of COVID-19 on health behaviours, mental well-being, and the
Race, socioeconomic status, and health: Complexities
Costa Rica has a relatively good health profile compared to other countries and some evidence suggests that this country's introduction of integrated primary care teams may be a key contributor to its positive health profile. 162 Similarly, although Cuba is a poorly performing country in economic terms, it has health outcomes that are similar
Understanding how discrimination can affect health
1 INTRODUCTION. Racial and ethnic differences in health, in which socially disadvantaged racial populations have worse health than whites, are large, pervasive across a broad range of outcomes, and persistent over time. 1 They exist for the onset of disease, as well as the severity and course of illness. Socioeconomic status (SES)—whether measured by income, education, …
Concepts of plant health – reviewing and challenging the
Health can be defined in a positive or negative way. For instance, the World Health Organization (WHO) defines human health as ‘a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity’ . Here, a negative aspect (non-presence of disease) is a necessary but subordinated criterion to define
How Equity‐Oriented Health Care Affects Health: Key
Health inequities are increasing worldwide, 10-13 including in Canada, despite a strong social safety net and a publicly funded health system that provides access to some core medical and nursing care. 14, 15 While some attention has been given to addressing health inequities at systems levels, particularly within population and/or public
Periodontal health and gingival diseases and conditions on
“Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”. 1 Based upon this definition from the World Health Organization (WHO), it follows that periodontal health should be defined as a state free from inflammatory periodontal disease that allows an individual to function normally and avoid consequences (mental or physical
Health literacy and internet‐ and mobile app‐based health
Health care can be improved by effective use of e-health tools that have the potential to help people manage their own health care, communicate with their health care providers and support networks, obtain health information, make health decisions, and develop and sustain healthy lifestyles (Demiris et al., 2008).
“Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” 1 In accordance with this definition by the World Health Organization, periodontal health should be defined as a state free from inflammatory periodontal disease that allows an individual to function normally and not
Maternal and newborn health risks of climate change: A
Health-promoting strategies and communication campaigns should also include education on the risks of heat stress and how to mitigate these risks. Delaying first time pregnancy to allow young girls to complete schooling and spacing of pregnancies has lifelong benefits for women, reducing maternal nutritional deficits such as anemia and allowing
Socioeconomic status, work‐life conflict, and mental health
3.1 Prevalence of poor mental health by SES, work-related variables, family demands, and WLC. The prevalence rates of self-reported poor mental health during the previous year according to socio-demographic characteristics, work demands, family demands, and WLC are shown in Table 1. Individuals with missing values for education level, income
Improving the Health and Lives of People Living in Slums
and health, whereas the intermediate factors include living and working conditions, social and political ex-clusion, social capital, access to quality health care, violence and crime, transportation, and the physical environment.6 Today, health and improving the lives of people liv-ing in slums are priority goals for international devel-